I am giving two lectures which are Sessions 9 and 10  in the Foundations of Urban Science Course at CUSP: Center for Urban Science and Progress in the Fall of 2013. An outline of the course is given below so you can see my two lectures in context. The two lectures as PDF files can be accessed by clicking on the images below.





The Assignment

If you click on the PDF Icon, this will give you the detailed instructions on the assignment and if you click on the Excel Icon, you will load the spreadsheet of the data that includes all the material you will need. Of you have any issues, then email me at

adobe-pdf-logo       excel-8


Background Reading

In this web page, as well as access to pdfs of the lectures themselves, there are some pdfs of the key readings that underpin the course. There is a general historical summary of the development of urban modelling by myself which is entitled:

Batty, M. (2008) Fifty Years of Urban Modelling: Macro Statics to Micro Dynamics, in S. Albeverio, D. Andrey, P. Giordano, and A. Vancheri (Editors) The Dynamics of Complex Urban Systems: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg, DE, 1-20

The best reviews of the Land Use Transportation class of Urban Models is by Wegener and this is available in several publications, one of which is

Wegener, M. (2005) Urban Land Use Transportation Models, in D. J. Maguire, M. F. Goodchild, and M. Batty (Editors) GIS, Spatial Analysis, and Modeling, ESRI Press, Redlands, CA, 203-220

I have a version of the pdf from the ESRI book which is similar but not quite the same. The lectures do not cover general ideas about models but there are five key references to these basic ideas which are worth looking at and these are as follows. You can download them by clicking on them in the order below. The second reference isn’t scanned either but I expect there are various people around here who have the Kemp book

1. Batty, M. (2009) Urban Modeling, in R. Kitchin and N. Thrift (Eds) International Encyclopaedia of Human Geography, Volume 12, Elsevier, Oxford, 51–58.

2. Batty, M. and Torrens, P. (2005) Modelling and Prediction in a Complex World, Futures37 (7), 745-766.

3. Lowry, I. S. (1965) A Short Course in Model Design, Journal of the American Institute of Planners31, 158-165.

4. van der Leeuw, S. E. (2004) Why Model? Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal35, 117-128.


An essential early reference is Ira S. Lowry’s Model of Metropolis that that was his report to the RAND Corporation when he worked on the model for Pittsburgh in the early 1960s. This was at the beginning of developments in urban modelling and basically was the first example of a model that coupled sectors together using the same submodel. You can download the report from this site as it is freely available from RAND on the web.

And if you want some more old background on these models, you can download my book Urban Modelling: Algorithms, Calibrations, Predictions (1976) from our web site by clicking here left. If you want a softcopy of the original, it has been reissued by CUP and you can get it from by clicking here right.


Click here for the original version of the  Foundations of Urban Science
NYU CUSP Fall 2013 New York University Center for Urban Science + Progress